Smaller majorities of most other religious groups say religion plays a very important role in their lives this includes 64% of muslims, 58% of catholics and 53% of mainline protestants roughly half of orthodox christians (52%) also say this. The structural-functional approach to religion has its roots in emile durkheim's work on religion durkheim argued that religion is, in a sense, the celebration and even (self-) worship of human society. Without religion we would almost certainly live in a different type of society, religion can have great importance for a society for a variety of reasons depending on the culture and governmental style it can range from a simple influence to a complete control of society. In studying religion from a sociological perspective, it is not important what one believes about religionwhat is important is the ability to examine religion objectively in its social and cultural context. C religion the study of religion includes comparative discussion of diverse religious forms, including the classical study of religion from durkheim, weber, and marx patterns of religious belief are reviewed, as well as the influence of religion on social and political attitudes and behavior.
A steadily growing body of evidence from the social sciences demonstrates that regular religious practice benefits individuals, families, and communities, and thus the nation as a whole. Sociology is the scientific study of the society founded by auguste comte,it is the mother of all social science now hence the subject touches almost all subjects coming in the category of social sciences when talking about the importance of the sociology ,well the subject is of great importance. Using a lively narrative, the sociology of religion is an insightful text that follows the logic of actual research, first investigating the facts of religion in all its great diversity, including its practices and beliefs, and then analyzing actual examples of religious developments using relevant conceptual frameworks. In general, those aspects of social life given moral superiority or reverence are considered sacred and all other aspects are part of the profane society creates religion by defining certain phenomena as sacred and others as profane.
Essay on sociology and religion - the phenomenon of religion attracted the attention of the sociologists because of its great human importance no society is free from the influence of religion in established societies, religion is one of the most important institutional structures making up the. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men while most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. The relationship between sociology and the social sciences aspect, and so forth sociology, therefore, can understand a social life as a whole, by taking help from other social sciences which study exclusively one or the other aspects of human society. Woman is the other of man, animal is the other of human, stranger is the other of native, abnormality the other of norm, deviation the other of law-abiding, illness the other of health, insanity the other of reason, lay public the other of the expert, foreigner the other of state subject, enemy the other of friend (bauman 1991: 8.
A recently published british textbook describes the task of the sociology of religion in three ways: first, to further the understanding of the role of religion in society second, to analyze its significance in and impact upon human history and, third, to understand the social forces and influences that in turn shape religion (hamilton 1994. History of sociology history of sociology ibn khaldun (1332-1406) - in his muqaddimah (later translated as prolegomena in latin), the introduction to a seven volume analysis of universal history, was the first to advance social philosophy and social science in formulating theories of social cohesion and social conflict. Several institutional and other sources of socialization exist and are called agents of socializationthe first of these, the family, is certainly the most important agent of socialization for infants and young children.
View of religion in classical sociology classical, seminal sociological theorists of the late 19th and early 20th century such as émile durkheim, max weber, and karl marx were greatly interested in religion and its effects on society. Sociology may thus be interested in all these problems but not primarily it is primarily interested in man's behaviour in relation to other men, ie, it focuses its attention on relationships which are definitely 'social' and that is what makes it a distinctive field, however, closely allied to others it may be. Culture consists of the beliefs, behaviors, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society through culture, people and groups define themselves, conform to society's shared values, and contribute to society.
Sociological perspectives on religion aim to understand the functions religion serves, the inequality and other problems it can reinforce and perpetuate, and the role it plays in our daily lives (emerson, monahan, & mirola, 2011. Global religious pluralism and conflict, the nature of religious cults and sects, the influence of religion on racial, gender and sexuality issues, and the effect of the media and modern culture has on religious practices are all topics of interest in current sociology of religion research.
Macro-sociology does concern individuals, families, and other aspects of society, but it always does so in relation to the larger social system to which they belong the second approach is micro-sociology or the study of small group behavior.